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巧用route解决使用vpn的小烦恼 转

我希望使用vpn去访问某些国外站点,同时只需要用本地ip去访问国内的在线视频站点,因为这样比较快一点。

于是我想到了route命令:看下参数先

C:/>route

Manipulates network routing tables.

ROUTE [-f] [-p] [command [destination]
                  [MASK netmask]  [gateway] [METRIC metric]  [IF interface]

  -f           Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries.  If this is
               used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are
               cleared prior to running the command.
  -p           When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across
               boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved
               when the system is restarted. Ignored for all other commands,
               which always affect the appropriate persistent routes. This
               option is not supported in Windows 95.
  command      One of these:
                 PRINT     Prints  a route
                 ADD       Adds    a route
                 DELETE    Deletes a route
                 CHANGE    Modifies an existing route
  destination  Specifies the host.
  MASK         Specifies that the next parameter is the 'netmask' value.
  netmask      Specifies a subnet mask value for this route entry.
               If not specified, it defaults to 255.255.255.255.
  gateway      Specifies gateway.
  interface    the interface number for the specified route.
  METRIC       specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination.

All symbolic names used for destination are looked up in the network database
file NETWORKS. The symbolic names for gateway are looked up in the host name
database file HOSTS.

If the command is PRINT or DELETE. Destination or gateway can be a wildcard,
(wildcard is specified as a star '*'), or the gateway argument may be omitted.

If Dest contains a * or ?, it is treated as a shell pattern, and only
matching destination routes are printed. The '*' matches any string,
and '?' matches any one char. Examples: 157.*.1, 157.*, 127.*, *224*.

The PRINT command will show both IPv4 and IPv6 routes, but the ADD, DELETE,
and CHANGE commands work only for IPv4 routes.  For IPv6 routes, use
the 'interface ipv6' context in netsh.exe.

Diagnostic Notes:
    Invalid MASK generates an error, that is when (DEST & MASK) != DEST.
    Example> route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 155.0.0.0 157.55.80.1 IF 1
             The route addition failed: The specified mask parameter is invalid
 (Destination & Mask) != Destination.

Examples:

    > route PRINT
    > route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0  157.55.80.1 METRIC 3 IF 2
             destination^      ^mask      ^gateway     metric^    ^
                                                         Interface^
      If IF is not given, it tries to find the best interface for a given
      gateway.
    > route PRINT
    > route PRINT 157*          .... Only prints those matching 157*
    > route CHANGE 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0 157.55.80.5 METRIC 2 IF 2

      CHANGE is used to modify gateway and/or metric only.
    > route PRINT
    > route DELETE 157.0.0.0
    > route PRINT

拨入vpn后,为啥所有出站访问都会自动由我们的vpn线路走?

使用route print 看下就发现:第一行加上了
Active Routes:
Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0   169.254.59.247   169.254.59.247      1

169.254.59.247 是我拨入vpn后分配的ip

原来被设成最优先了。
接下来我们用下route add来添加下:
route add 219.239.236.118 mask 255.255.255.255  192.168.0.1 metric 1

意思是当我访问219.239.236.118 时,优先选用本地网关。

达到目的了吧?剩下的自己灵活运用咯 

作者:lcy 分类:技术文章 浏览:162 评论:0
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